By the time Egypt was a kingdom it was one of the most technologically advanced countries in the world, and a growing number of researchers have tried to understand how the country became so prosperous.
In this talk, the lead author of this book, an archaeologist at the University of Oxford, will explain how ancient Egyptian agriculture emerged, and how it’s influenced modern farming.
[The lecture will be held on the evening of June 16, 2018 at 8:30 p.m. in the Oxford Forum, the largest venue in the U.K.]
The ancient Egyptians had an ancient way of life.
In fact, ancient Egyptian agricultural practices were so advanced that their own people had invented a way of farming that they named agroecological.
There was no water in the region around ancient Egypt.
Agroecologists today believe the Egyptians were able to create a method of farming without water and using a system called pyramids, which were used to grow plants in a series of concentric rings.
The Egyptians were one of only three cultures that survived for over 2,000 years without water.
When the Romans invaded Egypt in the 7th century, they began to build huge pyramids to store water.
They used water in this way to irrigate crops, and they created an entirely new type of agriculture, which was based on the cultivation of soil that was rich in calcium carbonate minerals, which the Romans knew well.
[Learn more about ancient Egypt.]
After the Romans conquered Egypt, they discovered that the Egyptians had learned agriculture from ancient Rome, and that they had a system of pyramids and irrigation systems.
[More from Smithsonian.com: Egyptian ‘Ancient’ Farming: How the Romans Used Ancient Rome’s Tools ] In order to get the best crops, the Egyptians used the ancient Roman method of using the soil to collect rainwater.
[See photos from the ancient Egypt Archaeological Park.]
In this way, the soil could be turned into a source of water and nutrients for crops.
The Egyptians also used the water to grow crops, which are the primary reason why they are known as “modern agriculture.”
[More about ancient agriculture] Egypt’s modern farmers began to develop crops such as wheat, barley, and wheat bran.
[Find more about wheat and barley.]
A farmer’s hand is used to harvest wheat, and the harvest of a wheat field is a process called phlebotomy, in which wheat and its roots are ground and dried.
[Read more about phlebotsomy.]
The ancient Egyptians were the first to use this technique.
[Explore the history of phlebography.]
Ancient Egypt was rich with soil minerals.
[View more photos from Egypt’s ancient Egyptian Archaeological Station.]
Modern farmers rely on modern techniques to grow wheat and other crops.
[Get the latest agricultural news from Smithsonian.]
Farmers in Egypt are now the only ones who have been able to grow these crops on this type of land, and their modern practices have created a modern-day version of an ancient Egyptian approach to farming.
Ancient Egyptian farmers could harvest wheat and wheat berry from a single spring.
[Watch this video.]
Today, wheat, rice, barley and other cereals are grown on a much larger scale in Egypt, where the average annual rainfall is less than one millimeter, making it a major contributor to the country’s overall agricultural production.
[Visit the ancient Egyptian Agricultural Station.]
The ancient Egyptian method of agriculture was so successful that the first modern farmers in the country, in the 8th century BC, began to plant crops that were very similar to the traditional crops of Egypt.
[Photos of modern farming in Egypt.]
[More stories about ancient Egyptians.]
These ancient Egyptian farmers began growing wheat, but the wheat they grew was so different from what they grew today that they decided to name it phlebi.
[Phlebi is the name for wheat.]
By the 720s BC, phlebes had developed a system for the growing of wheat.
[Here’s a look at how phlebs worked.]
[Learn how to grow vegetables.]
[Get more about the phlebeys.com site.]
Around that time, the ancient Egyptians also started growing barley.
[This is the barley that was grown in the phleon.
The ancient Greeks called it barley, but this ancient name stuck.]
[See more photos of barley.]
[Read about ancient farming.]
Phlebes were able grow a variety of crops.
They could grow wheat, wheat brans, and barley.
The Ancient Egyptians could also grow barley and wheat from a variety that was similar to what they had grown today.
[Look at some photos of ancient farming in ancient Egypt, and read about ancient history in the ancient world.]
[Find out how ancient Egypt and the Ancient Near East were connected.] [Check out