Farmers have had to contend with the consequences of an unprecedented climate change, which is causing rising temperatures in many regions.
Now the International Agri-Food and Veterinary Organisation (Igfva) is releasing its Global Agricultural Climate Change Risk Index.
What is this index?
The Igfda Global Agricultural Risk Index (GARII) was launched by the organisation to provide farmers with information about the risk they face from climate change.
Farmers can find out how much carbon dioxide (CO2) is in their atmosphere, what types of crops they have to produce, how they plan to adapt to the climate change and what crops will be most impacted by climate change impacts.
The index is based on data from more than 50 different agricultural organizations around the world, and is updated every two years.
In a nutshell, farmers are required to consider the effects of climate change on the crop and livestock they grow.
The Iagfva Global Agricultural Threat Index covers the effects and impacts of climate-induced changes in crop and animal production, livestock and feed.
The key questions farmers should ask are: What are the risks for my crop and animals?
How is climate change affecting my crop?
How much will the effects on my crop be?
Will I be able to cope?
Is my crop growing faster, or is it more susceptible to damage?
Are the costs of climate damage or crop loss really manageable?
Are my crops getting more or less food?
Will my crops be able and able to survive without CO2?
The index can help farmers to make informed decisions, and to prepare for climate change-related shocks.
It can also help farmers understand the impact of climate risk on their businesses, while keeping the public informed.
In 2017, the World Bank estimated that the average price of a barrel of oil in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region had increased by about 2 per cent compared with the same time last year.
However, it is estimated that there is a greater risk of climate disruption, including drought, floods, wildfires and severe storms, in the region than in many other parts of the world.
It is estimated this would lead to food shortages and higher costs for farmers and the people who rely on them.
Where are farmers at?
In 2017-18, the number of farmers in the Global Agricultural Outlooks (GAP) data series increased by 12.9 per cent to 1.8 million, or 22.5 per cent of the global agricultural workforce.
This figure is expected to rise to 22.7 million by 2030.
In the 2020-21 period, global farm incomes increased by 8.9 percent to $7.6 trillion.
In other words, the global average farmer income increased by more than $300 billion.
The number of global agricultural workers also increased by 9.9 to 2.9 million.
This is expected in 2021-22, when the global workforce will reach 3.4 million.
What are some of the challenges facing farmers in developing countries?
Climate change is likely to have significant impacts on food security in the next few decades.
The main challenges facing global farmers in 2021 include: climate vulnerability in terms of crop yields.
This will impact farmers’ ability to feed their families and, in turn, the resilience of the food system.